Journal of Nanotechnology <p><em>Journal of Nanotechnology</em> is a peer-reviewed, international and interdisciplinary research journal that focuses on all aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. <em>Journal of Nanotechnology</em> publishes issues twice a year since 2017. </p> <p>All articles published are Open Access for readers and an article processing charge (APC) applies to papers accepted after peer review. </p> en-US (Araceli Atanacio) (Administrator) Wed, 27 Jan 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Improving Dyeing Properties of Cotton Fabrics to Natural Dyes with Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNCs) [Mejora de las propiedades de teñido de telas de algodón a tintes naturales con nanocristales de celulosa (CNC)] <p>Natural dyes can make less environmental problems associated with manufactured colouring agents and textile dyeing. But, the natural dyes fixing process was used chemicals called mordant. The most of times mordants were used metallic salts and metal salts mordants were not environmentally friendly. Therefore, remove the disadvantage associated with natural colorants and the use of nanoparticles. In this research, cotton fabric was treated with the nanoparticle of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as mordant. The cellulose nanocrystals extraction process was done by using Whatman filter paper. The cellulose nanocrystals obtained will be further analyzed and characterized by using selected tools such as Particle size analysis and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The cotton fabrics mordanting processes were done by two types of pre-mordanting and post-mordanting methods. The three natural ingredients of <em>Mangifera indica</em> (Mango) leaves, <em>Tectona grandis</em> (Teak) leaves and<em> Lannea coromandelica</em> (Indian ash tree) leaves were used to extract the natural dyes using with aqueous extraction method. The extracts from dyeing processes were carried out after and before mordanting processes. The dyed sample from colour fastness to light, washing, and crocking were assessed according to standard methods. The cellulose nanocrystals gave very good colour fastness to light, wash, and rubbing when dyed with all three dye extractions. In the present study, innovative mordant of cellulose nanocrystals and natural dyeing with three natural dye extractions have been shown to give good dyeing results with cotton fabric.</p> K.G. Rumesh Samarawickrama, U.G.S. Wijayapala, N.D. Wanasekara, C.A.N. Fernando Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Nanotechnology Tue, 19 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Kinetic study of a commercial lipase for hydrolysis of semi-refined oil of anchovy (Engraulis ringens) [Estudio cinético de una lipasa comercial para la hidrólisis de aceite semirrefinado de anchoa (Engraulis ringens)] <p>Lipases due to their ecological nature and catalytic versatility, are ideal for their application in the fish oil hydrolysis industry due to their selective property, which allows the preservation of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in the lipid structure. The objective of this research was to determine the activity and kinetic parameters of a commercial AY AMANO "30SD" lipase, as well as the temperature and time values ​​to achieve an optimal degree of hydrolysis in semi-refined anchovy oil. The experiments were carried out in a jacketed minireactor with a working volume of 400 mL (oil-water-enzyme) with temperature control and pH 7.00, enzyme concentration 350 U/mL and stirring 160 rpm. A 3x3 factorial design and the response surface methodology were used. The results obtained from the study of the enzyme were: activity = 37 384.55 ± 395.07 U/g and kinetic parameters: Km = 7.98 g/L and Vmax. = 0.038887 g/Lxmin. Correspondingly, the following optimal parameters were obtained: Degree of hydrolysis 4.01%, temperature 46.86 °C and hydrolysis time 90 minutes, with a confidence level of 95% (p &lt;0.05). Conclusions: The study allowed us to kinetically characterize the commercial lipase and determine the optimum degree of hydrolysis of the semi-refined anchovy oil.</p> Greissy Stefhany Encinas Estrada, Augusto Castillo Calderón Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Nanotechnology Thu, 11 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000