Improving Dyeing Properties of Cotton Fabrics to Natural Dyes with Cellulose Nanocrystals (CNCs) [Mejora de las propiedades de teñido de telas de algodón a tintes naturales con nanocristales de celulosa (CNC)]
Keywords:Mordant, cellulose nanocrystals, nanoparticle, cotton, aqueous extraction, colour fastness
Natural dyes can make less environmental problems associated with manufactured colouring agents and textile dyeing. But, the natural dyes fixing process was used chemicals called mordant. The most of times mordants were used metallic salts and metal salts mordants were not environmentally friendly. Therefore, remove the disadvantage associated with natural colorants and the use of nanoparticles. In this research, cotton fabric was treated with the nanoparticle of cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) as mordant. The cellulose nanocrystals extraction process was done by using Whatman filter paper. The cellulose nanocrystals obtained will be further analyzed and characterized by using selected tools such as Particle size analysis and Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The cotton fabrics mordanting processes were done by two types of pre-mordanting and post-mordanting methods. The three natural ingredients of Mangifera indica (Mango) leaves, Tectona grandis (Teak) leaves and Lannea coromandelica (Indian ash tree) leaves were used to extract the natural dyes using with aqueous extraction method. The extracts from dyeing processes were carried out after and before mordanting processes. The dyed sample from colour fastness to light, washing, and crocking were assessed according to standard methods. The cellulose nanocrystals gave very good colour fastness to light, wash, and rubbing when dyed with all three dye extractions. In the present study, innovative mordant of cellulose nanocrystals and natural dyeing with three natural dye extractions have been shown to give good dyeing results with cotton fabric.
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