The Journal of Global Health and Medicine ensures that editors, reviewers and authors rigorously follow international ethical standards during the review and publication process. We declare that our procedures follow the recommendations published by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The manuscripts received in the Journal of Global Health and Medicine will be subjected to a plagiarism verification process, double-blind peer review, control of falsification of the data used (data obtained, tables, graphs, images) and the respect and guarantee of secrecy of the individuals used in the research, rejecting in this sense, manuscripts where there is evidence of improper use of animals, including man, in the research.
Each manuscript submitted to the Journal of Global Health and Medicine must meet the following requirements:
CONSENT: all authors give their consent for the submission and publication of the article submitted for evaluation.
AUTHORS 'CONTRIBUTION: all authors contributed significantly to the manuscript, without omission of any author. The order of the authors is placed according to their participation in the study, from highest to lowest participation.
ORIGINALITY OF THE WORK: the work sent is original, it has not been previously published and it has not been sent simultaneously for evaluation in another journal, nor is it included original material copied from other authors without their consent. In case the article contains material from other publications, the consent for its reproduction must be attached.
CITATIONS AND BIBLIOGRAPHY: all the information included in the source manuscript of previous studies has been cited and referenced correctly and in accordance with the Instructions for Authors of the journal.
SUGGESTED REVIEWERS: the professionals suggested to review the manuscript have no work, academic, or personal relationship with the authors.
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES OF PUBLICATION: Authors must have read the recommendations of the Editorial Board on Publication Ethics and declare that these principles are met. Any work that does not conform to these recommendations and that is proven to be malpractice will be eliminated or retracted, depending on the state of the manuscript at the time of detecting ethical misconduct.
If the manuscript does not meet the indicated criteria, any author of the manuscript can notify the Journal of Global Health and Medicine to withdraw the publication.
ETHICAL PRINCIPLES FROM THE JOURNAL OF GLOBAL HEALTH AND MEDICINE
- Institutional authorization.
Approval of an Ethics Committee is required: (a) Research conducted on human beings; (b) Research that directly uses human biological material or identifiable human data.
- Informed consent.
Authors must have, only when necessary, the informed consent signed by the study participants (patients). In case the Editor or a reviewer requests it, the author must provide it.
- Incentives for participation in the study
Researchers should make every effort to avoid offering excessive or inappropriate incentives; however, financial incentives can be given to participants for the time spent.
- Deception in the investigation.
Avoid using misleading techniques or information in order to deliberately mislead participants.
- Closure of Investigation
Once the study is finished, the researcher must offer the participant the results and conclusions of the study, taking the necessary measures to avoid misunderstandings.
- Ethical principles. a) Culture and heritage: Manuscripts approved for publication should not include images of objects that have cultural significance or are part of the heritage of a country.
- b) Research with animals: Experiments with animals are carried out basically in three fields: teaching, industry and research. The use of research animals is a privilege that must be carefully reserved to ensure relief to humans (and animals) from disease and pain; ignoring the suffering of each other would be irresponsible and unethical. Anyone who uses laboratory animals in their research must keep a premise: respect for life, for the pain or suffering to which they may be subjected in the studies they conduct. Research with animals must consider respecting the 4 Rs (Replacement: seek alternative methods to the involvement of animals as far as possible; Reduction: try to reduce the number of animals to be used; Refinement: establish means that seek the comprehensive welfare of the animals; Recycling. Aims to use experimental animals more than once for as many purposes). The authors must have the ethical and legal approval obtained by the institution that endorses the research in the case it is requested.
- Report the results of the investigations
Researchers should not invent data, or adulterate figures. If errors are discovered, they must be publicly corrected.
- Investigation integrity a) Misconduct: includes actions or omissions related to devising, organizing, carrying out, evaluating or requesting research projects that, deliberately or carelessly, distort research results, provide misleading information about personal contribution or violate other norms of the professional task of researchers. If misconduct is suspected, an investigation will be conducted.
- b) Complaints of irregularities: Complaints of irregularities in the investigation that have been observed and reported by identified persons or anonymously will be investigated, only if they are accompanied by the respective necessary evidence.
- c) Manufacture / falsification and manipulation of images: A modern scientific article must present the results through an optimal mix of text, tables and graphics for an easy cognitive extraction of the information, as well as it can contain images. Improper image manipulation creates misleading results.
- d) Plagiarism: It is essential to avoid literal copying of the text, it is suggested to paraphrase the information brought from the scientific literature, but always giving the corresponding credit to the authors of the cited publication. One form of plagiarism is to use tables or data, without giving credit to the author of the original publication. Also publish images or figures without proper authorization.
- e) Duplicate and redundant publication of data: researchers should not publish previously published data, as original. Authors may not submit a manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously. If the Editorial Board becomes aware of a situation of this type, the manuscript will be retracted. Translations of manuscripts already published should not be published as an original article.
- Editorial rules and processes a) Authorship: As a general rule, all authors must participate in at least two of the four phases of the project: planning, data collection, interpretation of results, and manuscript preparation. All authors of a scientific article must contribute significantly to the development of the research.
- b) Authorship disputes: if the Editorial Board suspects or receives reports of authorship problems, it will contact the corresponding author to request more information.
- c) Financing: The sources of financing must be mentioned, and must be consigned in the acknowledgments section.
- d) Peer Review: The original manuscripts, complete or short, and reviews, are initially evaluated according to the criteria of the Journal of Global Health and Medicine, indicated in the Instructions for Authors; After this compliance, the manuscripts are evaluated by two or more reviewers who are chosen according to their expertise on the subject of the manuscript.
- e) Publication times: The average time of the editorial process, from receipt of the article to the final decision of the Editorial Board, varies between two to four months.
- f) The editors and staff of the Journal as authors: The Editor-in-Chief, Associate Editors and the members of the Editorial Board are not involved in any decision regarding the manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Global Health and Medicine.
- g) Conflict of interest: editors, authors and reviewers must disclose any conflict of interest that could affect their ability to objectively present or review a manuscript. Conflicts of interest include financial, personal, political or religious interests.
- h) Corrections: readers and authors must notify the Journal of Global Health and Medicine through a Letter to the Editor, if there are errors in a publication that affect the interpretation of the results. The corrections will be published and, when important errors are found that could invalidate the work, the possibility of retracting the published manuscript will be considered.
- i) Retraction of a manuscript: retractions are made when the errors reported may affect the interpretation of the data, as well as when the information presented by the work is fraudulent or falsified, the data is fictitious or when the study cannot be reproduced or in cases of serious ethical misconduct.
- j) Withdrawal of a manuscript: the elimination, suppression or concealment of an article is only allowed when there is a case that involves legal infractions, defamation, or other limitations of a legal nature, as well as when there is false or inaccurate data. In such cases, a withdrawal statement will be published. Another particular case of withdrawal occurs when demonstrated ethical misconduct has been committed, but the article has still been published, in this case, the authors are only informed of the withdrawal of their manuscript from the review processes.
- Copyright and intellectual property
The author must sign a document assigning the patrimonial rights to the Journal of Global Health and Medicine and send it together with the submission of their manuscript. If the manuscript is not accepted for publication, this assignment is without effect and the manuscript released for publication, if the author so decides, in another publication medium.
Moral rights always remain with the author without restrictions.
- Peer Reviewers
The original manuscripts, complete or short, and reviews, are initially evaluated according to the criteria of the Journal of Global Health and Medicine, indicated in the Instructions for Authors; After this compliance, the manuscripts are evaluated by two or more reviewers who are chosen according to their expertise on the subject of the manuscript. The participation of the reviewers in all cases is anonymous and ad honorem. Editorials and letters to the editor are evaluated by an Editor only, except in cases where an evaluation by an external reviewer is required.
The reviewers carry out the reviews objectively, with constructive and consistent criticism that contributes to the improvement of the manuscript. Your recommendation could be: (a) publication without modifications; (b) publication, but after certain corrections and improvements; (c) rejection, duly arguing the reasons. Based on the observations made by the reviewers, the Editor will decide whether to publish the article, reject it or send suggestions to the author.
Reviewers can: (a) notify the Editor of possible falsifications or manipulations of the results, as well as incursion into malpractice; (b) promptly notify the Editor if substantial parts of the work have already been published or, if known, if they are subject to revision for another publication, in order to avoid any similarity of the manuscript with other published works.
The reviewers must: (a) Comply with the agreed and requested times for the reviews; (b) avoid accepting manuscripts that are not within its competence, when it considers that it will not be able to do the review in the established time or when there is a link with the authors; (c) respect the confidentiality of the manuscript and copyright, avoiding commenting or discussing the content of the manuscripts with other people.