Influence Modeling and optimization of sulphide removal by catalytic oxidation of tannery fur effluents [Modelamiento y optimización de la remoción de sulfuros por oxidación catalítica de efluentes de pelambre de curtiduría]
Keywords:Waste effluent, pelt, tannery, catalyst, removal.
The residual effluents from the fur stage of the bovine leather tannery industry are characterized by having a high concentration of sulfides. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of aeration time and pH in the residual effluents of the leather stage of the tannery, with the catalysts MnO2 and MnSO4 separately; as well as, determine adjustment models through the response surface methodology and the optimal intervals of the best conditions that lead to a higher percentage of sulfide removal. For this reason, the sulphide removal percentage was evaluated from samples extracted from the pellet stage, by means of catalytic oxidation treatments; varying the catalyst, pH and aeration time. The catalysts used were manganese dioxide (MnO2) and manganese sulfate (MnSO4) and for each catalyst the pH was varied in the values of 8.5; 9.5; 10.2 and 13.4; likewise, the aeration time was varied in the values of 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210 and 240 minutes. 64 treatments were carried out, with 3 repetitions each, reporting the average values of the sulfide removal percentage. The response surface methodology was used to adjust the correlation of the variables to a quadratic model; Likewise, through contour graphs the regions with the highest percentage of sulfide removal were easily identified and by superimposing contour graphs the optimal ranges of the variables pH and aeration time were determined for removal percentages greater than 98%. Based on this evaluation, it is proposed for treatments with manganese dioxide, aeration times between 160 to 240 min and pH between 8.5 to 9 and for treatments with manganese sulfate, aeration times between 110 to 240 min and pH between 8.5 to 9.8. The coefficients of multiple determination R2 for the models with catalyst MnO2 and MnSO4 were 97.51% and 95.12% respectively. With the MnSO4 catalyst, higher removal percentages were achieved at a shorter aeration time, compared to the treatments carried out with the MnO2 catalyst.
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